Sanitary Landfills

PATENTS

  • Present, M.T., U.S. Patent 3,466,873, September 16, 1969
    Sanitary Landfill Method
  • Johnston, F. B., U.S. Patent 4,127,383, November 28, 1978
    Foaming Waste Treatment Composition and Method for Treating Nitrogenous Waste Material Therewith
  • Kramer, F., U.S. Patent 4,421,788, December 20, 1983
    Method and Apparatus for Coating A Substrate with Foamed Plastic
  • Kramer, F., U.S. Patent 4,519,338, May 28, 1985
    Apparatus and Method for Applying a Foam Layer to Cover and Seal Dumped Waste
  • Kent, D.W., U.S. Patent 4,795,590, January 3, 1989
    Treatment of Hazardous Material with Vapor Suppressing Persistent, Water-Containing, Polymeric Air Foam
  • Kittle, P.A., U.S. Patent 4,874,641, October 17, 1989
    Method of Providing a Barrier Between a Substrate and the Atmosphere and Compositions Therefor
  • Alm, R.R. U.S. Patent 4,923,903, May 8, 1990
    Dyed Aqueous Air Foams
  • Kittle, P.A., U.S. Patent 4,990,373, February 5, 1991
    Membrane-Forming Foam Composition and Method
  • Kittle, P.A., U.S. Patent 5,011,330, April 30, 1991
    Foam Distribution Apparatus
  • Stern, R.M., U.S. Patent 5,026,735, June 25, 1991
    Treatment of Hazardous Materials with Aqueous Air Foam of Polyhydroxy Polymer
  • Kittle, P.A., U.S. Patent 5,066,428, November 19, 1991
    Foam Generating Apparatus
  • Kittle, P.A., U.S. Patent 5,096,616, March 17, 1992
    Method of providing a Foam Barrier Between a Substrate and the Atmosphere and Compositions Therefor
  • Norman, E.C., U.S. Patent 5,133,991, July 28, 1992
    Method for Applying a Biodegradable Protein Foam to a Substrate
  • Kittle, P.A., U.S. Patent 5,215,786, June 1, 1993
    Composition for Providing a Foam barrier Between a Substrate and the Atmosphere and the Method of Use
  • DiMaio, L.R., U.S. Patent 5,225,095, July 6, 1993
    Foam Concentrate
  • Nachtman, T. J., U.S. Patent 5,556,033, September 17, 1996
    Apparatus for Forming a Foamed Outdoor Protective Cover Layer
  • Chao, Y. H., U.S. Patent 5,696,174, December 9, 1997
    Stable and Water-resistant Aqueous Foam Composition
  • Nachtman, T. J., U.S. Patent 5,849,364, December 15, 1998
    Self-Foaming Sprayable Composition
  • Kittle, P.A., U.S. Patent 5,853,050, December 29, 1998
    Composition and Method for Generating a Foam Barrier and Methods of Use Thereof
  • Nachtman, T. J., U.S. Patent 5,897,946, April 27, 1999
    Flowable Material to Isolate or Treat a Surface
  • Nachtman, T. J., U.S. Patent 6,096,373, August 1, 2000
    Sprayable Composition and Method for Forming a Foamed Outdoor Protective Cover Layer
  • Kittle, P.A., U.S. Patent 6,929,423, August 16, 2005
    Gas Recovery From Landfills Using Aqueous Foam
  • Kittle, P.A., U.S. Patent 6,994,491, February 7, 2006
    Gas Recovery From Landfills Using Aqueous Foam (H2S Control)

OTHER PUBLICATIONS

MISCELLANEOUS

C.E. Schmidt is the co-inventor of the flux chamber, the technology used to measure the emissions in these studies. He is the co-author of the primary text on the subject, "Assessment and Control of VOC Emissions from Waste Treatment and Disposal Facilities," Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1993, ISBN 0-442-01229-2. His consulting firm can be contacted at 19200 Live Oak Road, Red Bluff, CA 96080, telephone, 530-529-4256, fax, 530-529-4878, or by using his email link, or his web page.

The membrane forming foam composition (U.S. Patent 4,990,373) has been used successfully on sanitary landfills to seal and odor control leachate breakouts.

ASTM Committee D-35.03 has a task group, chaired by Mark Cadwallader, developing a Standard on the subject of Alternative Daily Cover Materials. Additional information can be obtained from the Staff Manager for ASTM Committee D-35, or the ASTM web page. A draft standard has submitted for preliminary D-35 Committee vote.